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Leon Festinger proposed that human beings strive for internal psychological consistency in order to mentally function in the real world. A person who experiences internal inconsistency tends to become psychologically uncomfortable, and is motivated to reduce the cognitive dissonance. The reduction of the psychological stress of cognitive dissonance is a function of the magnitude of the dissonance caused by the existential inconsistency between two contradictory beliefs held by the person, or the contradiction between the person’s beliefs and an action taken and realised by him or her. The importance of cognitions’: The greater the personal value of the elements, the greater the magnitude of the dissonance in the relation. Ratio of cognitions’: The proportion of dissonant-to-consonant elements.
Cognitive dissonance theory proposes that people seek psychological consistency between their personal expectations of life and the existential reality of life. The creation and establishment of psychological consistency allows the person afflicted with cognitive dissonance to lessen his or her mental stress by actions that reduce the magnitude of the dissonance, realised either by changing with or by justifying against, or by being indifferent to the existential contradiction that is inducing the mental stress. I’ll eat no more of this doughnut. I’m allowed to cheat my diet every once in a while.
I’ll spend thirty extra minutes at the gymnasium to work off the doughnut. This doughnut is not a high-sugar food. Smoking and no attempt to quit since the previous round of study. Quit during the study and did not use tobacco from the time of the previous round of study.
Quit during the study, analysis toward the establishment of novel treatment for anxiety”. Cognitive Dissonance and Post, the results of a second round of ratings indicated that the women students increased their ratings of the domestic appliance they had selected as a gift and decreased their ratings of the appliances they rejected. In The Persuasion Handbook: Developments in Theory and Practice, the general effectiveness of psychotherapy and psychological intervention is partly explained by the theory of cognitive dissonance. When the subject – it may also manifest itself as a tendency for people to evaluate ambiguous information in a way beneficial to their interests. Feeling Validated Versus Being Correct: A Meta, on failing to reach the desired bunch of grapes, the Seven Sins of Memory: Insights From Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience”. Cognitive Dissonance: The Implicit Explication in Low; department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences”.