Today, the Association Agreement between the European Union and Ukraine enters fully into force. Ukraine and the EU closer together: it promotes deeper political ties and stronger economic links, as well as respect for common European values. The DCFTA provides a eu ukraine association agreement pdf for modernising Ukraine’s trade relations and economic development by opening up markets and harmonising laws, standards and regulations with EU and international norms. President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, said: “Determination is a virtue.
Today, in spite of all the challenges, we have made it. With the entry into force of the Association Agreement with Ukraine, the European Union is delivering on its promise to our Ukrainian friends. I thank all those who made it possible: those who stood on Maidan and those who are working hard to reform the country for the better. Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the Commission, said: “Today we finally achieve what we have been working on in the last years: a closer association between the European Union and Ukraine.
This means closer ties between our citizens, bigger markets and more opportunities for businesses and entrepreneurs, increased sharing of experience, information and expertise. European Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations Johannes Hahn said: “Generations of Ukrainian citizens to come will reap the benefits of closer association with the EU. The first concrete results of implementation of the Agreement can already be seen: Ukraine’s exports to the EU have increased and the EU has confirmed its position as Ukraine’s first trading partner. The European Union is unwavering in its support for Ukraine’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, as well as the continuing, ambitious efforts of the Ukrainian authorities to reform the country’s institutions and economy, which would unlock the full potential of the Association Agreement and bring its full benefits to the Ukrainian people. Under the Association Agreement, Ukraine has committed to structural reforms in the areas of democracy, human rights, rule of law, good governance, trade and sustainable development.
Enhanced cooperation on environmental protection, social development and protection, transport, consumer protection, equal opportunities, education, youth and culture, industry and energy is also foreseen in the Association Agreement. The Association Agreement was negotiated between 2007 and 2011 and signed on 21 March and 27 June 2014. Substantial parts of the Association Agreement have been applied provisionally since 1 November 2014 and 1 January 2016 for the DCFTA. Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.
The political part of the Association Agreement was signed on 21 March 2014 by the new Prime Minister, Arseniy Yatsenyuk. Meanwhile, the EU has attempted to stabilize Ukraine by freezing assets of allegedly corrupt Russians and Ukrainians and by granting financial aid to Ukraine. The European project has not been completed as yet. It has not been completed because there is no full-fledged participation of Ukraine.
Ukraine’s desire to join the European institutions dates back to 1994 when the government declared that integration to the EU is the main foreign policy objective. In reality, little was done since Kiev had to take into account Russia, which remained its major trade partner and natural gas and fossil energy supplier. That document was focused on economic and social issues as well as on the necessity of improving public government and guaranteeing free press and civil rights. Left to right: Then Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko and President Viktor Yushchenko meeting with European Council President Herman Van Rompuy in 2009.
European Parliament to establish closer ties with Ukraine in view of the possibility of EU membership. On 21 March 2005, Polish Foreign Minister Adam Daniel Rotfeld noted that Poland will, in every way, promote Ukraine’s desire to be integrated with the EU, achieve the status of a market-economy country, and join the World Trade Organisation. In October 2005, Commission president José Manuel Barroso said that the future of Ukraine is in the EU. According to the Ukrainian authorities, the ENP is not an adequate political instrument, since joining the EU was one of principal objectives of all governments since 1994. In March 2007, the EU and Ukraine started talks about a new “wider agreement”, aiming at offering a legal framework for a closer economic cooperation and a better political dialogue.
It was agreed that Ukraine and the EU would start a parallel negotiation concerning setting up a free trade area. Later in 2007 it was announced that this issue would be incorporated into the draft agreement as a separate chapter. Ukraine Action Plan was endorsed by the European Council on 21 February 2005. It was based on the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement of 1994 and provided, according to the European Commission, a comprehensive and ambitious framework for joint of work with Ukraine in all key areas of reform. Talks on a free trade agreement between Ukraine and the European Union started on 18 February 2008 between the Ukrainian government and the EU Trade Commissioner. Portugal publicly stated it supports Ukraine’s EU accession in July 2008.
On 22 July 2008, it was announced that a “Stabilisation and Association” -type agreement would be signed between Ukraine and the EU on 8 September 2008 in Évian-les-Bains. On 2 October 2008, Ukraine President Yushchenko announced that the Association agreement between the country and the EU would be signed “within six-eight months”. On that day, he met with the King of Sweden Charles XVI Gustav, who paid a state visit to Kiev. 24 October 2008, the EU and Ukraine held a negotiation round on the free trade area chapter of the Association agreement.
According to some Ukrainian media, the “EU promised to liberalise trade relations”. Ukraine’s representative told that one must not “focus too much” on negotiation since there is much to be done by Ukrainian government to meet certain criteria. On 29 October 2008, the EU Commissioner Jacques Barrot and Ukrainian officials met in Brussels to launch negotiations on visa-free travel. Kiev had been asking for a “road map” to visa lifting, including travel document security, irregular migration, public order and foreign relations. But the EU justice commissioner avoided to give any specific dates. According to Ukrainian President Yushchenko, some embassies of EU countries often require Ukrainians to present documents, which had not been foreseen in the agreement on simplification of visa regulations. Around five per cent of Ukrainians willing to travel to the EU are denied visas, which, according to Yushchenko, “does not meet the standards of our agreements with the EU”.
On 4 June 2009, some media outlets reported that Germany’s Free Democratic Party openly stated in its programme that Ukraine has the right for the EU membership in the long term. This was the first major German political party to state this. On 16 December 2009 the European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso stated “our Ukrainian friends need to do more if they want us to help them more. He also stated that “enlargement is not possible in the current situation.