Most martyrs are considered holy or are respected by their followers, becoming symbols of exceptional leadership and heroism in the face of difficult martyrdom of man pdf. Martyrs play significant roles in religions. Similarly, martyrs have had notable effects in secular life, including such figures as Socrates, among other political and cultural examples. In its original meaning, the word martyr, meaning witness, was used in the secular sphere as well as in the New Testament of the Bible.
During the early Christian centuries, the term acquired the extended meaning of believers who are called to witness for their religious belief, and on account of this witness, endures suffering or death. The term, in this later sense, entered the English language as a loanword. The early Christians who first began to use the term martyr in its new sense saw Jesus as the first and greatest martyr, on account of his crucifixion. The word martyr is used in English to describe a wide variety of people. However, the following table presents a general outline of common features present in stereotypical martyrdoms. A person of some renown who is devoted to a cause believed to be admirable.
The hero foresees action by opponents to harm him or her, because of his or her commitment to the cause. The hero continues, despite knowing the risk, out of commitment to the cause. The opponents kill the hero because of his or her commitment to the cause. People may label the hero explicitly as a martyr.
Other people may in turn be inspired to pursue the same cause. In the Bahá’í Faith, martyrs are those who sacrifice their lives serving humanity in the name of God. However, Bahá’u’lláh, the founder of the Bahá’í Faith, discouraged the literal meaning of sacrificing one’s life. Martyrdom was extensively promoted by the Tongmenghui and the Kuomintang party in modern China.
The cult of the revolutionary martyr was also strongly developed in Vietnam and North Korea. From the Gallery of 20th Century Martyrs at Westminster Abbey—l. In Christianity, a martyr, in accordance with the meaning of the original Greek martys in the New Testament, is one who brings a testimony, usually written or verbal. In particular, the testimony is that of the Christian Gospel, or more generally, the Word of God. The concept of Jesus as a martyr has recently received greater attention. Analyses of the Gospel passion narratives have led many scholars to conclude that they are martyrdom accounts in terms of genre and style. In Christianity, death in sectarian persecution can be viewed as martyrdom.
Even more modern day accounts of martyrdom for Christ exist, depicted in books such as Jesus Freaks though the numbers are disputed. There are claims that the numbers of Christians killed for their faith annually are greatly exaggerated. Martyrdom in Judaism is one of the main examples of Kiddush Hashem, meaning “sanctification of God’s name” through public dedication to Jewish practice. Sikhism and represents an important institution of the faith. Guru Arjan, the fifth leader of Sikhism. Guru ji was brutally tortured for almost 5 days before he attained shaheedi, or martyrdom. Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of Sikhism, martyred on 11 November 1675.
Hinduism, the guru gave his life. Bhai Dayala is one of the Sikhs who was martyred at Chandni Chowk at Delhi in November 1675 due to his refusal to accept Islam. Bhai Mati Das is one of the greatest martyrs in Sikh history, martyred at Chandni Chowk at Delhi in November 1675 to save Hindu Brahmins. Bhai Sati Das is one of the greatest martyrs in Sikh history, martyred along with Guru Teg Bahadur at Chandni Chowk at Delhi in November 1675 to save kashmiri pandits. Socrates, much of what is known about the life of Socrates has been drawn from the writings of Plato, which more often than not focus on the events surrounding the death of Socrates. Plato’s writings discuss how the state charges Socrates with corrupting the youth. Socrates reached martyrdom when he chose death over escape, as in so doing he chose to die for what he believed in.
Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhism, referred to as “Hind di Chadar” or “Shield of India” martyred in defense of religious freedom of Hindus. A political martyr is someone who suffers persecution or death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a political belief or cause. Jean-Paul Marat, a French Jacobin assassinated by Charlotte Corday. Charlotte Corday, a Girondin sympathizer executed during the French Revolution for assassinating Jean-Paul Marat. Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States.
Assassinated by a Confederate sympathizer after the end of the American Civil War. Rosa Luxemburg, a German marxist revolutionary executed along with Karl Liebknecht for their roles in the Spartacist uprising. Hujum in the play “Nurkhon” by Kamil Yashin after her death. Leon Trotsky, a Russian Marxist revolutionary.