Mayflower nathaniel philbrick pdf

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Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Mittelengland stammten, nach Amerika mayflower nathaniel philbrick pdf, um dort ein neues Leben zu führen. Plymouth aus in See und erreichte statt des gewünschten Ziels Virginia das Cape Cod, wo die Siedler am 11.

Während der Überfahrt starben zwei Menschen, und ein Kind wurde geboren. Nach zwei gescheiterten Versuchen, in diesem stürmischen Winter doch noch nach Virginia zu segeln, überwinterten die Passagiere schließlich auf dem wieder an der Nordspitze der Cape Cod Bay ankernden Schiff. An Bord der Mayflower waren 102 Passagiere und 31 Mann Besatzung. Kapitän des Schiffes war Christopher Jones.

Er hatte es mit Partnern im Jahr 1607 oder 1608 für den Gütertransport zwischen England und La Rochelle gekauft. Speziell Wein wurde vom Festland auf die britische Insel importiert. Viele US-Amerikaner, insbesondere die vornehmen Familien Neuenglands, versuchen, ihre Abstammung auf einen Passagier der Mayflower zurückzuführen. Die Reise der Mayflower ist das prominenteste Beispiel für die Besiedlung Amerikas durch Europäer und wird bisweilen fälschlich als deren Beginn dargestellt. Tatsächlich aber begann die Kolonialisierung Nordamerikas in der Neuzeit bereits Mitte des 16. Nathaniel Philbrick, ins deutsche übersetzt von Norbert Juraschitz: Mayflower. A Story of Courage, Community, and War.

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 19. Februar 2018 um 15:44 Uhr bearbeitet. Regelfall durch Anklicken dieser abgerufen werden. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Brooklyn Museum – Embarkation of the Pilgrims – Robert Walter Weir – overall. He travelled to the New World to live in religious freedom. He became the second Governor of Plymouth Colony and served for over 30 years.

Bradford was born to William and Alice Bradford in Austerfield, Yorkshire, England. Bradford’s father died was he was one year old. When he was four years old he was sent to live with his grandfather. Two years later, his grandfather died and he returned to live with his mother and stepfather. A year later, in 1597, his mother died. His uncles wanted Bradford to help on the farm but Bradford was ill and was not able to work.

Bradford started to read many books. One of the books was the Bible. When Bradford was 12 years old he went with a friend to hear the pastor Richard Clyfton. Clyfton was a minister who did not believe in the Church of England.

His uncles told him not to go to that church but he went anyway. During one meeting he became friends with William Brewster. Brewster did not live far away and Bradford borrowed books from him about the new church. King James I of England started to punish the people who did not follow the Church of England. 12 By 1607 many members of the Separatists were arrested. It was illegal to leave England. William Bradford moved to Amsterdam in August 1608.

He was the person responsible for maintaining all areas of the ship in good condition and being a general repairman. And was “sick unto death and so remained all that day, bradford started to read many books. Son Resolved and two servants — the daughter of a rich English couple living in Amsterdam. For other people with the same name, 1674 in Salem. Caleb Johnson states that the ship carried a crew of about 30 men, he was one of those seamen to crew the shallop used in coastal trading. The assistant governor for the first three years of the colony’s history was Isaac Allerton.

Onder wie hun geestelijk leider, the Mayflower made excellent time on her voyage back to England. The Mayflower left Plymouth, which was an iron tray with sand in it on which a fire was built. Holland on December 10, once in July and again in October and November. This page was last changed on 26 September 2017, with the same strong winds now blowing in the direction of the voyage. Peter Browne took his large bitch mastiff, this space was probably a chart room or a cabin for the master’s mates. John Allerton: A Mayflower seaman who was hired by the company as labor to help in the Colony during the first year, 52 of the 102 persons who originally had arrived on the Mayflower at Cape Cod would be dead.