Nothing to envy barbara demick pdf

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Downtown Nothing to envy barbara demick pdf in September 2011, as seen from the city’s monument of Kim Il-sung. North Korea’s North Hamgyong Province and the country’s third largest city.

It is sometimes called the City of Iron. The Chinese characters for its name mean ‘clear river crossing’. Conditions there remain poor in terms of food availability. From 1948 to 1960, 1967 to 1977, and 1987 to present, Ch’ŏngjin was governed as a part of North Hamgyong Province.

From 1960 until 1967, and again from 1977 to 1987, Chongjin was administered as a directly governed city. Chongjin is one of the DPRK’s important steel and fiber industry centers. It has a shipyard, locomotive plant, and a rubber factory. Near the port area are the Chongjin Steel Co. Because of the heavy concentration of industries in the area, Chongjin is also the DPRK’s air pollution black spot.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent shortage of oil to generate electricity, many factories have been shuttered. One of the first senior U. The area has little arable land, so the famine in the 1990s hit the residents of Chongjin particularly hard. During the late 1990s, the city’s residents experienced some of the highest death rates from famine, which might have been as high as 20 percent of the population. By 1995, the local frog population was wiped out due to overhunting.

3,000 political prisoners are forced to manufacture bicycles and other consumer goods. The Nongpo Detention Center, which was built during the Japanese occupation, is still in use but under new management. Chongjin’s port has established itself as a critical componenent of busy international shipping trade with neighbouring parts of Northeast and Southeast Asia. The People’s Republic of China and Russia have set up their consulates in Chongjin.