Youcef zirem histoire de kabylie pdf

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It was later taken over by the Roman Empire, and became split between the provinces of Africa and Mauretania Caesariensis. The Kabyle country remained as unconquerable as it was inaccessible youcef zirem histoire de kabylie pdf the Ottoman deys. They generally established a few coastal military settlements and some in valleys, where they enforced the rule of the Islamic Ottoman Empire. The mountainous core land, however, remained independent.

Islam was gradually adopted through peaceful means, namely the Marabout movement. During the Regency of Algiers, most of Kabylia was independent. Algerian migrant workers in France organized the first party promoting independence in the 1920s. Following the death in April 2001 of Massinissa Guermah, a young high school student, in police custody, major riots took place, known as the Black Spring, in which 123 people died and some two thousand were wounded as a result of the authorities’ violent crackdown. June 2001, has called for self-government for the region since 2011.

The MAK is re-baptised as “Mouvement pour l’Autodétermination de la Kabylie” seeking indépendance from Algeria . Lesser Kabylia, comprising Kabylia of Bibans and Kabylia of Babors. Between the two lies the mountain range of Agawa, which is the most populous and is 800 m high on average. The largest town of Great Kabylia, Tizi Ouzou, lies in that mountain range. 28,000 inhabitants in 2001, is the highest urban centre of the area. The region’s size is similar to that of Denmark.

There are a number of flora and fauna associated with this region. The area is populated by the Kabyle, a Berber ethnic group. They speak the Kabyle variety of Berber. Today Kabylia is one of the most industrialised parts of Algeria. Bgayet Bejaia’s port is the second biggest in Algeria after Algiers, and the 6th largest on the Mediterranean Sea. Kabylia – Oxford Islamic Studies Online”.

Kabyles’, Dictionnaire encyclopédique d’Histoire, Paris, Bordas, Vol. Jacques Leclerc, “Algérie: Données historiques et conséquences linguistiques” sur L’aménagement linguistique dans le monde, Université Laval, 14 January 2012. Petite histoire de la question berbère en Algérie”. Berber Challenge in Algeria: The State of the Question”. Algeria: Unrest and Impasse in Kabylia, International Crisis Group, Report No. Algérie: Chroniques d’une expérience postcoloniale de modernisation. Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series.

Histoire de Kabylie: Le point de vue kabyle. This page was last edited on 21 March 2018, at 20:15. Localisation de la commune dans la wilaya de Béjaïa. Elle est le chef-lieu de la wilaya de Béjaïa et de la daïra de Béjaïa, en Kabylie. Après un intermède almohade, elle redevient la capitale d’une branche des Hafsides.

Réputée en Europe pour la qualité de ses chandelles faites de cire d’abeille — auxquelles elle a donné son nom : les bougies — Béjaïa a également joué un rôle important dans la diffusion en Occident des chiffres arabes et des savoirs mathématiques locaux. Conquise par les Espagnols en 1510, elle amorce un net déclin qui se prolongera avec la reconquête par la régence d’Alger en 1555. La culture savante se disperse alors dans les multiples zaouïas de Kabylie. Lors de l’indépendance du pays, en 1962, elle retrouve un rôle culturel.

Vue aérienne de Béjaïa, la commune de Béjaïa est desservie par plusieurs routes nationales. Durant toute cette période, d’Europe et d’Asie. Conduit par Geneseric, lors de l’indépendance du pays, government for the region since 2011. Mais très tôt, un phénomène de  poissons morts  sur la Soummam.